Some arbitration clauses are unenforceable and, in other cases, arbitration proceedings may not be sufficient to resolve a dispute. For example, disputes relating to the validity of registered intellectual property rights may be settled by a public body within the national registration system.  With respect to important public policy issues that go beyond the narrow interests of the parties, such as. B allegations that a party has breached a contract through unlawful anti-competitive conduct or committed violations of civil rights, a court may find that the parties may negotiate some or all of their claims even before the conclusion of a contractually agreed arbitration procedure.  Each contract must include a specific offer and acceptance of that specific offer. Both parties must accept their free will.