On November 17, 2008, Iraqi Foreign Minister Hoshiyar Zebari and U.S. Ambassador Ryan Crocker signed the agreement at an official ceremony.  Continued security gains and the growing capacity and confidence of the Iraqi government and iraqi security forces are the reasons why the United States and Iraqis have been able to negotiate these agreements. On the same day, Ministers Gates and Rice held secret briefings for U.S. lawmakers behind closed doors, and none of the officials commented on reporters. Democratic Congressman William Delahunt said, “There was no meaningful consultation with Congress during the negotiations on this agreement and the American people were totally excluded in all respects.” And Oona Hathaway, a law professor at the University of California, Berkeley, called the lack of consultation with the U.S. Congress unprecedented, saying aspects of the deal went beyond the independent constitutional powers of the U.S. president.  “We have received a letter from the US State Department proposing negotiations based on the concepts presented in the strategic framework and on a comprehensive review of economic, cultural, trade and security relations,” Al Hakim said on Twitter. Some anonymous U.S. Officials and experts who follow the war have argued that they believe that parts of the agreement can be circumvented and that other parts could be open to interpretation, including parties that give Iraq legal responsibility for US soldiers who commit crimes off-base and out of service. the party that requires U.S.
troops to seek Iraqi permission for all military operations, and the side that prohibits the U.S. from staging attacks on other Countries in Iraq.  For example, government officials have argued that Iraqi prosecutions of U.S. soldiers could take three years, and the U.S. will have withdrawn from Iraq in accordance with the terms of the agreement. In the meantime, U.S. troops will remain under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Uniform Code of Military Justice. Michael E. This agreement provides important safeguards for the United States. Troops and provide operational authorities to our armed forces so that we can help maintain positive security trends while continuing to move to a supporting role.
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