A vertical agreement is a term used in competition law to refer to agreements between companies operating at different levels of the production/distribution chain (e.g. B relations between manufacturers and their customers/distributors). Regulation (EC) No 330/2010  exempts from the prohibition of Article 101(1) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union vertical agreements which fulfil the conditions for exemption and which do not contain so-called `basic` restrictions of competition. The main exception is motor vehicle distribution agreements subject to Regulation (EC) No 1400/2002 , in accordance with a three-year extension granted by Regulation (EC) No 461/2010.  Although the latter Regulation is adopted from 1 Regulation (EC) No 330/2010 applies to agreements for the repair of motor vehicles and the distribution of spare parts pursuant to Regulation (EC) No 330/2010 to agreements relating to the repair of motor vehicles and the distribution of spare parts. perhaps in exchange for lower prices. Such agreements could lead to the partitioning of markets and/or the creation and maintenance of territorial restrictions. Similar vertical restraints may be covered by the prohibition referred to in Article 4, unless they fall under a block exemption or an individual exemption. Vertical agreements are widely accepted, as they impose fewer competition concerns than horizontal agreements. Horizontal agreements are concluded between two current or potential competitors.
In addition, vertical agreements appear to be more effective in terms of activity. The most frequent vertical restraints are the following: whether a vertical agreement actually restricts competition and whether, in this case, the benefits outweigh the anti-competitive effects often depends on the structure of the market. Article 4 of Law No. 4054 on the Protection of Competition (the “Competition Law”) prohibits all agreements between undertakings which have the aim or effect of preventing, restricting or distorting competition. Of the above types of chords, vertical chords are the most frequently tested. Vertical restraints, such as resale price maintenance (RPM), most-favoured-nation clauses, exclusive trade agreements, rebate regimes, non-competition clauses and reverse non-competition clauses, often have results in the application of Turkish law. There are cases where certain types of agreements do not automatically fall within the scope of Article 101 TFEU, for example.B.: the parties may include contractual restrictions or obligations in vertical agreements in order to protect an investment or simply to guarantee day-to-day business (e.g.B. distribution, supply or purchase agreements). However, vertical agreements may present competition risks where it is possible that: Barriers to entry are increasing, competition is reduced or mitigated, and other means of facilitating horizontal agreements.  Only where a contextual assessment has a `sufficiently harmful` effect on competition (or the absence of credible extinguishing agents) can an agreement be considered “for purposes” within the meaning of Article 101(1) TFEU.  A vertical agreement is a term used in competition law to refer to agreements between companies at different levels of the supply chain. .